In the era of camera phones, people constantly click and share their photos; these camera phones are making people exposed to photography and to visual imagery in various forms. We look at the photos shared by our friends on social media, we see the advertising campaigns on the stores; photography is used to communicate or to express to the viewer. Many people click pictures every day but, few of them know that how these different photography types have been inspiring photographers? When we get to know the different photography types, we gain the knowledge of different genre which may fit to our photography habits.
Let us look at these following 15 different genres of photography:
Aerial Photography: As we fly or get above the ground level, we always try to shoot the beautiful scene which we see below us. For example, when we are in a flight we always try to capture the landscape scene which we can see from above. This is called Aerial photography.
French picture taker and balloonist, Gaspar Felix Tournachon, took the main aeronautical photo in 1858. He tested for a long time before he could create the photo. He had caught the French town, Petit-Becetre, from a hot-air swell, 80 meters over the ground.
Architectural Photography: Framing the colour, shape, layout or art of any structure can be soothing to eyes. All the visuals of monuments or buildings are including in this genre of photography. Both, the interior and the exterior of a building can be framed, but the challenging aspect for the photographer is to keep in mind of the lighting and distortion.
Candid Photography: In this form of photography, we capture the moments as they happen. The object isn't aware of the photographer, so appear natural and hence the picture results into a very relaxed one.
Expert tip: Use a very long zoom for capturing the candid images. If you'll use the short zoom lens, then the object may get aware that you are framing them and so you can lose a relaxed and natural picture.
Documentary Photography: These are the manual pictures that are used to highlight a particular picture or story. This genre includes manual pictures that create a photo story. These all are representational pictures which may include a story of war, science, fiction and many more. In this genre, we always try to capture all the details which in turn result in making a picture tell a story.
Fashion Photography: These photography types are basically used to advertise something and then finally to sell it. This genre includes the glamorization of the product which makes a product look attractive and so customers willingly buy it.
These types of photos must be very creatively and sharply taken. We can capture them anywhere like, in a studio, in an apartment or anywhere outdoors. We have to do the pre-shooting preparation before framing the product. The preparation may include makeup, styles, location, lighting and obviously the model plays a very vital role.
Food Photography: Every day we are served with at least something either on the dining table or in a restaurant. The food which is served, is clicked and is shared by us in the form of images. The photography which is used by restaurants, websites or bloggers to pull customers and to sell their product is called as food photography.
Expert tip: Food photography is most likely to be captured in natural light. Using flash is never suggested while capturing the food, as it can include unwanted things in our image. It's a big NO in this style. Using flash may look our food greasy and the natural colours may wash out of the photos.
Landscape Photography: This type of photography is one of the most popular kind of photography. In this genre, the photography of beautiful sceneries, impact of environmental conditions is done. We always love to capture a beautiful landscape as we see an eye-soothing and beautiful scene.
If we want a perfect landscape shot, then we must take care of the proper lighting. Using a tripod is always suggested as shaking of the camera can result in a shaky picture that won't look good. Using high shutter gives us a perfect image as the desired amount of light may fall inside the camera and our image may look bright and sharp.
Night-long Exposure Photography: As it gets dark, there are various beautiful aspects which a viewer can't see with the naked eye and a camera can do it for us. This photography is mainly focused on the knowledge of light, shutter and aperture.
For getting a perfect piece of these photos, we must be comfortable enough with the manual mode of the camera and so the correct settings can be implemented.
Photojournalism: This type of photography is very similar to that of documentary photography. This include the photography of the events are happening right now and then it is informed to the whole world.
For example, whatever we see in newspapers, news or in magazines are all a result of photojournalism.
This include the photography of unexpected events at a planned place. A photographer has to reach at a correct place at a correct time to make it happen perfectly.
Conceptual/Fine Art Photography: This genre of photography includes telling a story. In this genre, we create our own story and our own characters in a made-up environment. We are supposed to have an idea of how our output will look like and how we can plan to make it so.
The photographer always tries to send a message, an idea or an emotion by these pictures.
Portrait Photography: In this kind of photography, all the focus is made on the mood or on the expressions of the object. It is an intriguing subject for the photographers. A portrait can be a full-body portrait or can be close-up portrait. Whichever the image we take, our face is focused the most.
It must be kept in mind that the image must be sharp and is well focused. Eyes must be specially focused as they throw maximum emotions. Jokes can be told once we have to make a pleasant mood of our object.
Sport Photography: This is one of those photography types which includes framing of the objects which are either in fast motion or in action. These sporting events are captured by using very long lenses.
Expert tip: It is advisable to use high ISO while clicking this type of photos. By high ISO, we are enabled to make high shutter speed, which in turn produce quality images. We can change angles accordingly and can get variety of images.
Street Photography: Capturing something in our day-to-day life or at public places is most probably said as street photography. It is similar to that of candid photography. In this genre, photographer visualize the real-life scene or behind the scene images, but in candid the focus is on the object or on a popular tourist spot.
A photographer must observe every little aspect which is around him/her. As soon as a story is visualized, the image must be captured.
War Photography: This genre works on the areas where a war is going on, or is finished. The photographers even put their life in danger for capturing these photos. These pictures or the stories can be recorded even after a war is finished.
The photography kit of a war photographer must be simplified enough to change the lenses and the camera according to the situation. It is highly denied not to carry heavy accessories with them. Heavy accessories may fall us in trouble if an adverse situation comes.
Wildlife Photography: It is one of the very typical and challenging type of photography genre. We have to be very quick with our angle and with our camera settings. A single mistake from us can miss a perfect or desired shot. The picture itself may speak if it is clicked in a proper habitat in which it could be.